Addington, Henry (1757-1844), 1st Viscount Sidmouth, prime minister

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Addington, Henry (1757-1844), 1st Viscount Sidmouth, prime minister

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30 May 1757 - 15 February 1844


The fourth child and eldest son of Anthony Addington, physician, and his wife, Mary. Educated at Winchester College (1769–73) but left over some incident in which 'vicious boys' attacked him. Attended Dr Goodenough's school at Ealing. Entered Brasenose College, Oxford in 1774. Graduated in 1778. Stayed in Oxford until 1780 when he went to Lincoln's Inn.

In 1781 he married Ursula Mary Hammond. They had two sons and four daughters.

In the general election of 1784 he was returned as MP for Devizes.
1789-1801 - Speaker of the House of Commons.
On William Pitt's resignation in 1801 he was appointed Prime Minister by George III, a post he held until 1804.
1804-1805 - in opposition.
Was made Viscount Sidmouth in January 1805.
He retired from politics in 1824.


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Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

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